History

Not a Psychotropic

Hemp–NOT to be confused with its close cousin, a psychotropic plant called marijuana–has been used for thousands of years in human history for a variety of purposes, medicine, foods, oils, art canvases, clothes, paper, and much much more. Hemp farming has had a long history in the United States. In fact, seven different presidents were known to have farmed hemp: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Andrew Jackson, to name a few. Hemp has been used extensively as recently as World War II when it was cultivated in Kentucky and midwestern states to make uniforms, canvas, and rope. Up until the 1930’s, hemp was a very powerful “cash crop” in America. In 1937, hemp underwent a massive rejection due to the greed of three of the richest Americans in history who spent millions of dollars to ban hemp from everyday citizens through political means.

Up until

Hemp was used

Banned for

Years

Finally in

Hemp was legalized

Greed of Three

Publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst and an industrialist from Dupont along with U.S. Secretary of Treasury Andrew Mellon joined together to make hemp illegal. Why? Dupont was working on a new process to make paper from wood and meanwhile, Hearst was the largest owner of forests in the U.S. and paper is of course made from wood. Additionally, both Hearst and DuPont had financial interests in synthetic fiber and petroleum which competed directly against hemp paper and other natural hemp products. They pressured Andrew Mellon and the government to make the possession of transfer and hemp in the United States illegal without a permit. They made sure that permits were very hard to find. Everyday Americans went along with this because Hearst and Dupont associated hemp with marijuana even though the two are entirely different. For the next 70 plus years, hemp was shut off from everyday Americans.

Turn of a new Leaf

In 1992, the first suspicion of the endocannabinoid system started to unfold. This system was found by Raphael Mechoulam as well as NIMH researchers William Devane and Dr. Lumir discovered the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) in the human body During the 1980s. These scientists discovered anandamide (a fatty acid neurotransmitter produced within the human brain. Anandamide was the first naturally occurring endogenous cannabinoid or endocannabinoid. Anandamide binds to CB1 receptors in the brain and nervous system, and CB2 receptors in the immune system. Recent research suggests that deficiencies of these molecules may be associated with a variety of immune and nervous system disorders such as seizures and inflammation. New scientific research is now supportive of the claim that cannabidiol (CBD) is beneficial for human consumption. In February 2014 all that changed when farm bill 2040 was signed. It contained a special amendment to legalize a production of industrial hemp in the United States.